QualityTime-ESL

QT-ESL 64 Contractions 2

In this episode we continue our series of podcasts to practice "contractions". The contracted forms are often an obstacle to comprehension especially as they are used intensively in informal speech.

The best way to learn them is to do a lot of repeating and then test yourself going from the full forms to the contracted forms and vice versa. We hope these series of exercises will make you feel more comfortable when trying to understand and use contractions correctly.

The script of the episode is found below in the PDF file and also directly on this page. Go to the store to pick up the worksheet.

Best regards,
Marianne

Back to the complete list of QualityTime-ESL Podcasts

And here is the list of "Your English" podcasts.

P.S. If you are interested in my philosophy of teaching and wish to get a lot of effective exercises have a look at QualityTime-ESL: The Digital Resource Book available in our store. There is also a lighter downloadable version of QualityTime-ESL: The Digital Resource Book, which already contains many of our podcasts and hundreds of other DOC files to help teachers elaborate an effective program.

Recording:

MP3 - 19.2 Mb
QT-ESL 64 Contractions 2

Script in PDF:

PDF - 287.5 kb
QT-ESL 64 Contractions 2

Worksheet in PDF:

PDF - 95.1 kb
QT-ESL 64 Contractions 2

QT-ESL Podcast No. 64 Contractions 2

Hi! I’m Marianne Raynaud, and I’m here to help you improve your level of spoken English. This series of podcasts is designed to help you master oral grammar. For work on vocabulary and pronunciation you can go to our other series called “Your English”. For fun with song lyrics try “5-Minute TOPs”. This episode deals with contractions. Contractions are used in informal speech and can be a major obstacle to comprehension. If you have not studied much English or have problems with comprehension, we suggest you try Podcast No. 9 in this series, which is quite a bit easier. If, on the contrary, you just need practice with contractions then stay with us. The script is available on our website. Let’s get started.

Listen and repeat these full forms followed by their equivalent contracted forms.

Have I not? = Haven’t I?
You must not = You mustn’t
It would not be = It wouldn’t be
You had better = You’d better
Do you not agree? = Don’t you agree?
Let us forget = Let’s forget
Can we not be…? = Can’t we be…?
I did not know = I didn’t know
You would be = You’d be
If I had known = If I’d known
I would have kept = I’d have kept
You are not going to = You’re not going to
Are you not going to? = Aren’t you going to?
I will not leave = I won’t leave
You have said = You’ve said
You are sorry = You’re sorry
I am = I’m
Am I not? = Aren’t I?

Now listen to a monolog with the above contractions followed by a listen and repeat section.
N.B. To sulk = to make a face that shows you are upset or angry or that you do not agree with something

Monolog:

Haven’t I told you before you mustn’t do that? It wouldn’t be good, if somebody got hurt. You’d better stop it. Don’t you agree with me? OK, let’s forget about it. Can’t we be friends anyway? I didn’t know you’d be so upset. If I’d known, I’d have kept my mouth shut. Aren’t you going to say something? You’re not going to sulk, are you? I am right though, aren’t I? I won’t leave until you’ve said you’re sorry. I’m stubborn person, aren’t I?
I think you’ve heard the unusual form for “I am”" as a tag: I’m right, aren’t I? Now listen and repeat with the full forms. Notice the word order in the interrogative full forms.
Have I not told you before you must not do that? It would not be good, if somebody got hurt. You had better stop it. Do you not agree with me? OK, let us forget about it. Can we not* be friends anyway? I did not know you would be so upset. If I had known, I would have kept my mouth shut. Are you not* going to say something? You are not going to sulk, are you? I am right though, am I not*? I will not leave until you have said you are sorry. I am stubborn person, am I not?

Next, I’ll give the full forms and you’ll say the contracted forms. Listen to the examples.

I say: Have I not?
You say: Haven’t I?
I say: Do you not agree?
You say: Don’t you agree?

Now you go on in the same way. Be sure to speak before I give the answer.

Have I not?
Haven’t I?
You must not
You mustn’t
It would not be
It wouldn’t be
You had better
You’d better
Do you not agree?
Don’t you agree?
Let us forget
Let’s forget
Can we not be?
Can’t we be?
I did not know
I didn’t know
You would be
You’d be
If I had known
If I’d known
I would have kept
I’d have kept
Are you not going to?
Aren’t you going to?
You are not going to
You’re not going to
Am I not?
Aren’t I?
I will not leave
I won’t leave
You have said
You’ve said
You are sorry
You’re sorry
Am I not?
Aren’t I?

To end, I’ll give the contracted forms, and you’ll say the full forms. Listen to the examples.

I say: You’d better
You say: You had better

I say: Aren’t I?
You say: Am I not?
Now you go on in the same way. Be sure to speak before I give the answer.

Haven’t I?
Have I not?
You mustn’t
You must not
It wouldn’t be
It would not be
You’d better
You had better
Don’t you agree?
Do you not agree?
Let’s forget
Let us forget
Can’t we be?
Can we not be?
I didn’t know
I did not know
You’d be
You would be
If I’d known
If I had known
I’d have kept
I would have kept
You’re not going to
You are not going to
Aren’t I?
Am I not?
Are you not going to?
Aren’t you going to?
I won’t leave
I will not leave
You’ve said
You have said
You’re sorry
You are sorry
Aren’t I?
Am I not? (a second time!)

We did “am I not? = aren’t I?” a second time just to make sure you’ve learnt it properly!

That’s the end of this episode. Visit www.qualitytime-esl.com to download the script and a worksheet for written practice. To train even more try our other series called “Your English”. Teachers interested in more effective teaching can order “QualityTime-ESL: The Digital Resource Book” on a DVD or get it immediately in a slightly lighter downloadable version. Bye for now, and don’t forget to keep smiling.

Back to the complete list of QualityTime-ESL Podcasts

And here is the list of "Your English" podcasts.


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